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The Emergent Multiverse

The Emergent Multiverse presents a striking new account of the "many worlds" approach to quantum theory. The point of science, it is generally accepted, is to tell us how the world works and what it is like. But quantum theory seems to fail to do this: taken literally as a theory of the world, it seems to make crazy claims: particles are in two places at once; cats are alive and dead at the same time. So physicists and philosophers h...

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The Quantum World: Your Ultimate Guide to Reality's True Strangeness

Quantum physics has always been a source of mystery and delight. It is mysterious because it defies common sense: a world where atoms exist in two places at once, cats are simultaneously dead and alive, and particles exhibit a strange kind of telepathy. It is a delight because we have learned to manipulate these strange phenomena. We can perform experiments and build technologies that seem fantastical and impossible, but allow us to ...

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The Complexity of Noise: A Philosophical Outlook on Quantum Error Correction

In quantum computing, where algorithms exist that can solve computational problems more efficiently than any known classical algorithms, the elimination of errors that result from external disturbances or from imperfect gates has become the "holy grail", and a worldwide quest for a large scale fault-tolerant, and computationally superior, quantum computer is currently taking place. Optimists rely on the premise that, under a certain ...

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Non-accelerator Particle Physics

The past decade has seen the emergence and rapid development of particle physics experiments performed in underground laboratories and other non-accelerator installations. Such work allows profound questions of particle physics beyond the capabilities of modern accelerators to be attacked. At a time when elementary particle physics has reached a stage at which it places extreme requirements on new generations of accelerators, such wo...

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Theory of Reflectance and Emittance Spectroscopy, 2 edition

String theory has played a highly influential role in theoretical physics for nearly three decades and has substantially altered our view of the elementary building principles of the Universe. However, the theory remains empirically unconfirmed, and is expected to remain so for the foreseeable future. So why do string theorists have such a strong belief in their theory? This book explores this question, offering a novel insight into ...

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Who Cares about Particle Physics?

CERN, the European Laboratory for particle physics, regularly makes the news. What kind of research happens at this international laboratory and how does it impact people's daily lives? Why is the discovery of the Higgs boson so important? Particle physics describes all matter found on Earth, in stars and all galaxies but it also tries to go beyond what is known to describe dark matter, a form of matter five times more prevalent than...

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The Spiritual History of Ice

At the end of the eighteenth century, scientists for the first time demonstrated what medieval and renaissance alchemists had long suspected; ice is not lifeless but vital, a crystalline revelation of vigorous powers. Studied in esoteric and exoterical representations of frozen phenomena, several Romantic figures - including Coleridge and Poe, Percy and Mary Shelley, Emerson and Thoreau - challenged traditional notions of ice as wast...

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Primer in applied radiation physics

This book deals with the principal areas of activity in radiation physics. Although the basic descriptions of theory and practice are presented in a format which is suitable mainly as a revision text for undergraduate and postgraduate students, the book also serves as an introduction to the field which will be of interest to other informed workers. Detailed treatment is foregone in the interests of a comprehensive survey. The book ha...

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Compact Heat Exchangers: Selection, Design and Operation

This book presents the ideas and industrial concepts in compact heat exchanger technology that have been developed in the last 10 years or so. Historically, the development and application of compact heat exchangers and their surfaces has taken place in a piecemeal fashion in a number of rather unrelated areas, principally those of the automotive and prime mover, aerospace, cryogenic and refrigeration sectors. Much detailed technolog...